Beberapa Faktor Risiko Gizi Kurang dan Gizi Buruk pada Balita 12-59 Bulan

Dedi Alamsyah, Maria Mexitalia, Ani Margawati

Abstract


Abstract: Several Risk Factors Of Moderate And Severe Malnutrition In Children Under Five Years Old Aged 12-59 Months. The type of research was observational using case-control study and the qualitative study through the in-depth interview (mixed method). The research location was in Pontianak City. The number of samples was 80 people consisting of 40 people from a case and 40 people from control. Assessment of nutritional using anthropometry measurement based on weight for height. Height measurement using microtome and measure weighting scale. Result show that the multivariate analysis found two variables significantly associated with the prevalence of moderate and severe malnutrition in children under five years old aged 12-59 months, i.e.: poor of attitude toward food (OR = 6.980, p = 0.002, 95% CI = 1.998-24.385) and poor environmental health (OR = 5.033, p = 0.012, 95% CI = 1.432-17.683).

Abstrak : Beberapa Faktor Risiko Gizi Kurang Dan Gizi Buruk Pada Balita 12-59 Bulan. Tujuan penelitian yaitu untuk membuktikan faktor risiko agent, host dan environment yang berpengaruh terhadap kejadian gizi kurang dan gizi buruk pada balita di kota Pontianak. Penelitian ini bersifat observasional dengan pendekatan case control. Lokasi penelitian dilaksanakan di Kota Pontianak. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 80 orang, yang terdiri dari kasus sebanyak 40 orang dan kontrol sebanyak 40 orang. Penilaian status gizi menggunakan pengukuran antropometri berdasarkan berat badan per tinggi badan (BB/TB). Pengukuran tinggi badan menggunakan microtoise dan mengukur berat badan menggunakan timbangan balita. Berdasarkan hasil analisa multivariat menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan yaitu sikap ibu terhadap makanan buruk (OR : 6,98 p = 0,002 95 % CI 1,99-24,38) dan kesehatan lingkungan buruk (OR : 5,03 p = 0,012 95 % CI 1,43-17,68) dengan kejadian gizi kurang dan gizi buruk pada anak balita.

 


Keywords


Faktor Risiko; Gizi Kurang; Gizi Buruk; Balita

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30602/jvk.v1i5.27

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